How offenders are managed
There are three categories of offenders who fall within the operations of the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA).
Registered Sex Offenders (RSOs) in the community are required to register with the Police. The period of registration varies depending on the seriousness of their crime. There are some sex offenders who will be registered indefinitely. That said, a recent change in legislation means that those who are subject to life long registration can request to have their registration removed after 15 years.
Offenders released from custody, who are being supervised while on a post-release licence, having been sentenced to 12 months or more for a violent offence or those offenders subject to a Hospital Order for a violent or sexual offence.
Any ‘other dangerous’ offenders, who do not fit into either of the above categories, who have a previous conviction indicative of their ability to cause serious harm, and whose risk is felt to require active conferencing via a multi-agency meeting.
Three levels of managing risk
All MAPPA registered offenders are regularly reviewed and their risk assessed. Risk is divided into low, medium, high or very high risk. An individual’s risk is managed in one of three ways or levels.
There are three levels of management which are based upon the level of multi-agency co-operation required to implement the risk management plan effectively. An offender’s management level may therefore change over time depending upon how effectively risk is being managed and whether or not the risk of harm has reduced.
Level 1 Ordinary Management
These offenders are subject to the usual management arrangements applied by whichever agency is supervising them. This does not rule out information sharing between agencies, via ViSOR and other routes.
Level 2 Active multi-agency management
The risk management plans for these offenders require the active involvement of several agencies via regular multi-agency public protection (MAPP) meetings. Level 2 managed cases are usually more complex and may involve risks related to mental health issues, substance misuse, unsuitable or unstable home circumstances, sexual offending and/ or domestic abuse.
Level 3 Active multi-agency management
As with Level 2, but these cases additionally require the involvement of senior officers to authorise the use of special and/or unusual resources, such as police surveillance or specialised accommodation, and/or to provide ongoing senior management oversight. The imminence of re-offending and causing harm as well as the complexity of the case are carefully assessed before referral to Level 3 is made by the Lead Agency.